Samuel Beckett (1906–89) was an Irish playwright, novelist, and theatre director. His works include Malone Dies, Waiting for Godot, and Krapp’s Last Tape. Like his friend James Joyce, he was an influential modernist; his writings embody a bleak yet humorous worldview.
Beckett lived in France from the late 1930s onwards, writing mostly in French. He was involved in the Resistance during the Second World War, and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969.